Despite the fact that the cultivation of sugarcane is not a very profitable production system due to the instability of the prices of panela in the international, national and local markets due to its competition with other sweetening products, the producer of the Santa Rita farm decided to bet on the implementation of this crop as the first agricultural system, However, the motivations that led him to make this decision were unknown, therefore, the objective of this research was to identify the reasons that led the producer to opt for the production of sugarcane as the first agricultural system taking into account the livestock background in the Santa Rita farm, municipality of Albania Caquetá. The research was carried out under the historical hermeneutic line, with a qualitative approach, an interview was conducted for the collection of data that were later triangulated. It was obtained that the producer, in spite of not knowing the agronomic requirements of the crop, recognizes the role that it has within the soil system, in addition, the lack of technical assistance at the moment of starting a new productive system is evidenced.