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Vol. 2 (2024)

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Authors in this issue:

Anto Alexandra Velásquez, Jesús Alejandro Yanac Gómez, Brian Andreé Meneses Claudio, Jorge Arturo Zapana Ruiz Joan Sebastián Noguera Cardona, Verenice Sánchez Castillo María Alexandra González Rodríguez, Darly Dayana Murcia Lesmes, Verenice Sánchez Castillo Carolina Arias Osorio, Catalina Álvarez Londoño Yanko Yoshitaro Vilca Malaver, Brian Andreé Meneses Claudio, Jorge Arturo Zapana Ruiz Daniela Álvarez García, Diana Yarledy Cruz Cerón, Verenice Sánchez Castillo Reyes Benavides Herlinton Alejandro, Verenice Sánchez Castillo Maria Isabel Garay Monaityama, Verenice Sánchez Castillo ,

Published: January 30, 2024

Contents

2024-01-30 Original
Soft skills and the labor market insertion of students in the last cycles of administration at a university in northern Lima

The search for a job by students who are about to graduate from their universities has become very complex because the current market and the recruitment of new personnel in different companies has become very demanding, since companies currently have their sights set on people who are not only good professionals and have technical knowledge, because what is required now is personnel who can develop, providing ideas and solutions in different internal conflicts, to be able to cope with situations of uncertainty. Therefore, the main objective of this research is to determine the relationship between soft skills and the labor market insertion of students in the last cycles of a university in northern Lima in the year 2023. The present research is of a basic type, it presents a descriptive correlational scope of non-experimental cross-sectional design, showing a hypothetical deductive method and quantitative approach. Through the use of the questionnaire of questions, by means of the Likert scale, it allowed obtaining data from a total population of 119 students, taking as a random sample a total of 94 students. At the conclusion of the surveys it was obtained that the Rho Spearman relationship shows a result of .703 between variable 1 Soft Skills and variable 2 Job placement, in turn, the bilateral significance level is 0.01 which shows that there is a high positive correlation between the 2 variables mentioned. The conclusion is that soft skills are significantly related to labor market insertion, alluding that they are important and participate in the labor market insertion process, and that they are taken into account by companies who are looking for new collaborators capable of resolving conflicts and possessing these skills, which increase productivity within a company.

By Anto Alexandra Velásquez, Jesús Alejandro Yanac Gómez, Brian Andreé Meneses Claudio, Jorge Arturo Zapana Ruiz

2024-04-12 Original
Misleading advertising of the food industry as a strategy to incentivize consumption even in the face of the enactment of the junk food law

Objective: To know the characteristics of misleading advertising in the food industry as a strategy to encourage consumption even with the enactment of the junk food law - 2021. Method: Qualitative, descriptive research is carried out with a family from the municipality from Pitalito in the department of Huila, the instrument used was the interview. Results: The calorie intake of ultra-processed foods is an indicator of nutritional quality, these foods have a lower nutritional quality than fresh or minimally processed foods combined. Discussions: Nutrition messages that appear on food labels deserve special attention, due to misinformation and misleading advertising. Junk Food Project 167 of 2019 is aimed at improving this information. Conclusions: It is necessary for the food industry to guarantee the full protection and prevalence of consumer rights. Various sectors of society and the government itself have mobilized in favor of the drafting of more restrictive legislation in relation to the advertising of unhealthy foods and beverages directed at children.

 

By Joan Sebastián Noguera Cardona, Verenice Sánchez Castillo

2024-04-12 Original
Identification of rural contexts associated with cane cultivation Panelera: Santa Rita farm, Vereda Aguas Claras, Municipality of Albania, Caquetá

Despite the fact that the cultivation of sugarcane is not a very profitable production system due to the instability of the prices of panela in the international, national and local markets due to its competition with other sweetening products, the producer of the Santa Rita farm decided to bet on the implementation of this crop as the first agricultural system, However, the motivations that led him to make this decision were unknown, therefore, the objective of this research was to identify the reasons that led the producer to opt for the production of sugarcane as the first agricultural system taking into account the livestock background in the Santa Rita farm, municipality of Albania Caquetá. The research was carried out under the historical hermeneutic line, with a qualitative approach, an interview was conducted for the collection of data that were later triangulated. It was obtained that the producer, in spite of not knowing the agronomic requirements of the crop, recognizes the role that it has within the soil system, in addition, the lack of technical assistance at the moment of starting a new productive system is evidenced.

By María Alexandra González Rodríguez, Darly Dayana Murcia Lesmes, Verenice Sánchez Castillo

2024-03-12 Original
The expert opinion in the administrative contentious jurisdiction in accordance with law 2080 of 2021

One of the purposes of the Code of Administrative Procedure and Administrative Litigation was to enforce the protection of the rights and freedoms of the administered, which sought to have a codification less adjective and more substantial in which all aspects were regulated both in the Administration as in the Contentious Administrative Jurisdiction; However, the non-regulated, continues to be processed, by express authorization of the CPACA, through the General Code of the Process, being a relevant issue to clarify how this coding is applied to the processing of resources in the administrative trial, which is will make the hand of jurisprudence and doctrine.
It will be of manifest relevance to handle what has been stated by the Supreme Organ of the Contentious Administrative Jurisdiction between the years 2014 to 2016, in order to ratify through the jurisprudence the rules of application of the CGP in the processing of the resources.

By Carolina Arias Osorio, Catalina Álvarez Londoño

2024-02-29 Original
Quality of service and user satisfaction of a police station in a district of northern Lima

The situation about the attention people receive in the police stations of our country is poor, many users go to these waiting to be attended by police officers after some event or other need, but what they receive is an unfair and degrading treatment, which is why the research seeks to determine the relationship between the quality of service and the user satisfaction of a police station in a district of Lima Norte, 2023. The type of the research is basic, correlative research, cross-sectional, which is applied to a sample of 81 users who are studied through a survey, having as results that talking about quality of service a 43.2% of the respondents said it was low, a 39.5% considered it medium and only a 17.3% considered it high, while regarding user satisfaction, the 53.1% of the respondents considered it low, a 30.9% considered it medium and only 16% considered it high, then the Rho Spearman coefficient is applied to establish the correlation, having as result a degree of significance of 0.001, so the existence of a relationship between quality service and user satisfacción is corroborated, also a coefficient of 0.814 is obtained, which indicates a direct and high correlation between the variables, this is because if users receive a bad attention by the police in the police station, the user satisfaction about the service will be equally bad.

By Yanko Yoshitaro Vilca Malaver, Brian Andreé Meneses Claudio, Jorge Arturo Zapana Ruiz

2024-04-12 Original
Analysis of farmers' imaginary around the transition and adoption of the new livestock reconversion model in the municipality of Cartagena del Chairá.

Traditional livestock systems have generated unfavorable changes in the ecosystem and, in turn, its management does not present sustainability in the property that runs it as the main economic activity. Therefore, the imaginary of the producer regarding the approach of livestock reconversion from traditional livestock systems to sustainable systems is unknown. The work was carried out on the Los Laureles farm, belonging to the municipality of Cartagena del Chairá, which presented extensive livestock farming as the only activity that generates economic resources. Data collection was carried out through an interview. In results and discussion, three perceptions focused on technical-productive, socio-humanistic and economic areas were obtained. The perception of the producer was positive, although the implementation of the reconversion presents external factors that directly influence the economy and availability of time of the farmer.

By Daniela Álvarez García, Diana Yarledy Cruz Cerón, Verenice Sánchez Castillo

2024-04-12 Original
Design of a local strategy for strengthening food sovereignty: the case of the el Pedregal municipal property of Villagarzón Putumayo.

Introduction: The article discusses the evolution of global food systems, highlighting how advances in science, technology, and international markets have led to an automated food model. This model has increased food production to combat food insecurity, but has also generated significant negative impacts on the environment, communities, and human health. The persistence of food insecurity, the deterioration of arable land and the intensive use of agrochemicals are central issues. In Colombia, and specifically in Putumayo, agriculture is crucial to the economy, but faces challenges due to globalization and dependence on agrochemicals.
Methods: The study focused on the department of Putumayo, Colombia, specifically in the municipality of Villagarzón and the El Pedregal farm. Adopting a social critical approach, a non-experimental and descriptive design with a cross-sectional scope was employed, using interviews to collect qualitative data. The selection of key informants was based on criteria related to economic dependence on agriculture and recognition of agroecology as an alternative method.
Results: The interviews revealed a perception of food sovereignty as an expression of independence in agricultural and livestock production. Challenges identified include the need for investment and incentives, overcoming cultural barriers and the importance of effective technical advice. Technology transfer, focusing on integrated pest management and the use of on-farm inputs, was highlighted as crucial for the transition to agroecological practices. Challenges include overcoming cultural and economic constraints and the need for committed, quality advice.
Conclusions: Strengthening food sovereignty in Villagarzón, Putumayo, requires a local strategy that promotes producer independence, encourages internal production, and ensures the commitment and active participation of both producers and technicians. Complementarity, understood as collective work to obtain and govern resources and capacities, emerges as a key to the sustainable development of the agricultural community. The importance of quality technical assistance and a focus on agroecology is emphasized.

By Reyes Benavides Herlinton Alejandro, Verenice Sánchez Castillo

2024-04-12 Original
Effects of hunting and wildlife trafficking by peasants in the Huitorá indigenous reservation

The following work reflects the activities carried out through the illegal trade of wildlife in the Huitora indigenous reservation, taking into account the hunting and extraction of flora and fauna in said territory, which these activities bring consequences of imbalance in the natural environment. and the deterioration of ecosystems. For this reason, a series of interviews were carried out with the inhabitants of the territory and thus be able to know how much affectation is reflected by the peasant in terms of the fall and extraction of fauna, having said that, the wildlife is in danger, for what it is It is important to have the support of the environmental authorities such as the Police Authorities and Urban Environmental Authorities, to fear control in the area, and therefore these wild species have a better life in their natural environment.

By Maria Isabel Garay Monaityama, Verenice Sánchez Castillo

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